UNDERGRADUATE COURSES

The Department offers 2 mandatory courses (Geochemistry and Ore Deposits Geology) and 13 optional courses within the frame of the 4- year undergraduate program leading to the Degree in Geology and Geoenvironment.

 

Modules are arranged in semesters for the three offered orientations:

A  Geology, Geography and Environment

Geophysics and Engineering Geology

C  Geological Prospecting and Management of Natural Resources

4th semester modules

l    mandatory  £    orientation optional ¡  optional

A

B

C

Geochemistry

l

l

l

 

5th semester modules

l    mandatory  £    orientation optional ¡  optional

A

B

C

Ore Deposits Geology

l

l

l

Analytical Geochemistry

¡

¡

£

 

6th semester modules

l    mandatory  £    orientation optional ¡  optional

A

B

C

Environmental Geochemistry

l

¡

£

Geochemistry of Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks

£

¡

¡

Energy Resources

¡

¡

l

Industrial Minerals

¡

¡

£

Geochemistry in Mineral Exploration

¡

¡

£

Marine Mineral Resources

¡

¡

£

Chemical Analysis of Ores- Microthermometry- Fluid Inclusions

¡

¡

£

 

7th semester modules

l    mandatory  £    orientation optional ¡  optional

A

B

C

Advanced and Isotopic Geochemistry

£

¡

¡

Ore Forming Processes

¡

¡

l

 

8th semester modules

l    mandatory  £    orientation optional ¡  optional

A

B

C

Mineral Resources and the Environment

£

¡

£

Hydrogeochemistry

¡

¡

£

Mineral Exploration and Resource Assessment

¡

¡

£

 

 
SYLLABUSES
 

Υ0119.   GEOCHEMISTRY

Lectures (4 hours per week): A. Argyraki, Assist. Professor

Practicals (1 hour per week): A. Argyraki, Assist. Professor

5 credit units

Content: Distribution of the elements in the earth and the solar system and related controlling processes. Principles of thermodynamic theory and crystal chemistry. Geochemical characteristics of igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks. Radioactive isotopes and their use as ‘clocks’ and environmental tracers. Stable isotopes and their applications. Basics of aqueous geochemistry. Chemical weathering. Principles of organic geochemistry, marine geochemistry and geochemistry of hydrothermal fluids. Basic principles of applied geochemistry for mineral exploration and pollution assessment. Laboratory practicals emphasize on methods for quantitative problem solving and graphical presentation of geochemical data. The course includes one field exercise where students will be expected to synthesize data and observations and hypothesize about environments/ processes of formation.

 
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Y0122. ORE DEPOSITS GEOLOGY

Lectures (4 hours per week): N. Skarpelis, Prof. – S. Kilias, Assoc.Prof., I Mitsis, Lecturer

Practicals (1 hour per week): N. Skarpelis, Prof. – S. Kilias, Assoc.Prof., I Mitsis, Lecturer

5 credit units

Content:  Mineral Resource and Mineral Reserve Classification - Mineral Law. Basics of mineral exploration methodology. Mineral deposit modeling: general principles and application. Grade and tonnage models for different deposit types. Geodynamics and Ore Deposit Evolution. Igneous, hydrothermal, sedimentary, surficial and metamorphic ore-forming processes: basic principles. Supergene processes. Descriptive models of major ore deposit types. Case studies of Greek Mineral Deposits. Laboratory consists of hand specimen study of ore mineral suites and host rock: Identification of ore minerals and gangue, interpretation of ore mineral textures, hydrothermal alteration; rock chips and drill core samples from different deposit types are utilized. Field studies of mineral deposits during open pit mine visits: The aim is to provide students with field skills in identification of host rocks, structural controls, alteration and ore textures of individual ore deposits, as well as in sampling of ore bodies. Environmental impacts of mining and remediation strategies are discussed. 

 
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Κ0102. ENVIRONMENTAL GEOCHEMISTRY

Lectures (2 hours per week): A. Argyraki, Assist. Professor

Practicals (2 hours per week): A. Argyraki, Assist. Professor

4 credit units

Content: Geochemical processes that control the distribution and mobility of elements within the system lithosphere- hydrosphere- atmosphere- biosphere. Geochemical site assessment of contaminated land. Biological effects of trace element excess and deficiency. Mobility of potentially harmful elements in aqueous solutions and water pollution. Environmental risk assessment and methods to discriminate between anthropogenic and natural pollution sources. Environmental problems and solutions are presented through relevant case studies and by exploring and analysing published geochemical data sets on acid mine drainage, mining pollution, agricultural pollution and landfill site hydrogeochemistry. Geochemical mapping techniques. Basics of environmental legislation in Greece. Remediation techniques.

 
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Κ0109. MINERAL RESOURCES AND THE ENVIRONMENT

Lectures (2 hours per week): M. Stamatakis, Professor – N. Skarpelis, Professor

Practicals (2 hours per week): M. Stamatakis, Professor – N. Skarpelis, Professor

4 credit units

Content: Mining, minerals and sustainable development. Potential environmental problems related to mineral exploitation and mineral processing plants. Minerals harmful to humans and their management. Minerals applied in solving environmental problems. Environmentally friendly techniques of mineral exploitation: basic principles.

 
 

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Α0113. GEOCHEMISTRY OF SEDIMENTS AND SEDIMENTARY ROCKS

Lectures (4 hours per week): A. Argyraki, Assist. Professor

Practicals (1 hour per week): A. Argyraki, Assist. Professor

4 credit units

Content: The earth’s crust as a separate system. Origin of clastic and calcareous sediments. Transport and sedimentation processes. Colloids. Physiochemical processes during sedimentation. Diagenesis of continental clastic sediments, diagenesis of Ca, Mg carbonates, iron minerals and evaporates. Inorganic and organic geochemistry processes during diagenesis of marine clays. Petroleum formation and geochemistry of fossil fuels.

 
 

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Α0121. SPECIAL COURSES IN GEOCHEMISTRY- ISOTOPIC GEOCHEMISTRY

Lectures (4 hours per week): A. Argyraki, Assist. Professor

Practicals (1 hour per week): A. Argyraki, Assist. Professor

4 credit units

Content: Techniques for processing and evaluation of geochemical data and their use in studying mineral and ore formation processes, geochronology, dynamic geology, water quality and volcanic eruptions. Geochemical signals related to pre-eruptive phenomena and active fault zones.

 
 

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Γ0101. ENERGY RESOURCES

Lectures (2 hours per week): M. Stamatakis, Professor

Practicals (2 hours per week): M. Stamatakis, Professor

4 credit units

Content: Introduction to the energy resources of Greece. Fossil fuels. Inorganic and organic components of coals. Composition and evaluation of waste overburden materials and products of combustion of coals internationally. Gas phases in coal deposits. Genesis of lignite in sedimentary environments of Greece. Exploration of lignite ore deposits. Hydrocarbons. Structure of the petroleum industry. Genesis, migration and trapping of hydrocarbons. Geological characteristics of oil-fields and/or oil-bearing basins. Research for hydrocarbons in Greece, on land and offshore. Radioactive minerals. Occurrences of radioactive minerals in Greece. Geothermal fluids. The geothermal energy in Greece.

 
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Γ0102. ORE FORMING PROCESSES

Lectures (3 hours per week): M. Economou, Professor – S. Kilias, Assoc. Professor

Practicals (2 hours per week): S. Kilias, Assoc. Professor

5 credit units

Content: The most modern genetic theories that contribute to the understanding of the ore forming processes and genetic models  for certain categories of deposits: (1) magmatic sulfide, (2) Platinum group elements or PGE, (3) chromite, (4) Cu-Au-Mo- porphyry  type, (5) Deposits of Au-Ag-Cu epithermal type, (6) VMS, (7) Orogenetic (Mesothermal)-Au. Descriptive characteristics and geochemical signature data are  combined with their geotectonic setting, and they are applied to the interpretation of the genesis and exploration of the deposits. Emphasis is placed on deciphering the role of contemporary geochemical methods of research (i.e. O-, H-, S- and C isotopic studies in relation ore genesis, geochemistry of PGE’s, fluid inclusions etc) to building ore deposit models of metallogenic processes. Laboratory work focuses on reflected light microscopy in the practical study of ores.

 
 

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Γ0107.   ANALYTICAL GEOCHEMISTRY

Lectures (2 hours per week): A. Argyraki, Assist. Professor

Practicals (2 hours per week): A. Argyraki, Assist. Professor 

4 credit units

Content: Geochemical field sampling methodology. Analytical methods for total and selective extraction of elements from solid geochemical samples. Instrumental analytical techniques widely used in geochemistry for the analysis of solutions. Non-destructive analytical techniques for analysing solid samples. Techniques used in organic geochemistry. In-situ analysis of samples in the filed. Quality control of chemical analysis and estimation of measurement uncertainty. Laboratory practicals include field sampling of contaminated soil, chemical analysis and measurement of heavy metal concentrations by Atomic Emission Spectroscopy.

 

 

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Γ0108.   INDUSTRIAL MINERALS

Lectures (2 hours per week): M. Stamatakis, Professor – I. Mitsis, Lecturer

Practicals (2 hours per week): M. Stamatakis, Professor – I. Mitsis, Lecturer

4 credit units

Content: Industrial minerals as commodities and specialties. Genesis of ore deposits for industrial uses. White carbonates and talc.  Fire retardants. Glassy and zeolitic tuffs, diatomites, fly-ash, phosphates, industrial clays. Mode of formation, beneficiation, industrial uses, research and exploitation. Milos, the island of minerals. Description of the main industrial minerals and rocks of the island: perlite, bentonite, kaolinite, pozzolans, diatomites. Evaporites, boric salts, sodium sulphates and carbonates, celestine. Logistics, methods of research, industrial uses. Feldspar-quartz. Garnets-wollastonite. Special construction materials, raw material of cement. New trends in the research and use of industrial minerals. Methods of sampling, research, utilization and exploitation. Exploitation of certain industrial minerals and impact to the environment.

 
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Γ0109. GEOCHEMISTRY IN MINERAL EXPLORATION

Lectures (2 hours per week): A. Argyraki, Assist. Professor

Practicals (2 hour per week): A. Argyraki, Assist. Professor

4 credit units

Content: Geochemical dispersion, mobility and reactions. Patterns of geochemical distribution. Epigenetic anomalies in bedrock, weathering and soil formation. Surficial dispersion patterns. Anomalies in residual and transported overburden. Geochemical surveys using soil, water, drainage sediments, vegetation, volatiles and airborne particulates. Computerized data-handling and statistical interpretation. Geochemical mapping techniques in GIS.

 
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Γ0110. MARINE MINERAL RESOURCES

Lectures (2 hours per week): K. Papavasileiou, Assoc. Professor

Practicals (2 hour per week): K. Papavasileiou, Assoc. Professor

4 credit units

Content: Methods for the exploration and assessment of marine mineral resources. Legal implications of prospecting and assessment. Description and classification of marine ore deposits. Sources of elements and processes of marine metallogeny: sea water, marine sediments, hydrothermal vents, biological activity and diagenesis of marine sediments.

 
 

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Γ0114. CHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF ORES- MICROTHERMOMENTRY- FLUID INCLUSIONS

Lectures (2 hours per week): M. Economou, Professor- S. Kilias, Assoc. Professor

Practicals (2 hour per week): M. Economou, Professor- S. Kilias, Assoc. Professor

4 credit units

Content: A brief overview of well-established analytical methods (AAS, FAAS, ICP-AES, XRF, INAA, SEM/EDS) commonly used for the whole ore analysis and mineral chemistry, metal speciation and Fire Assay techniques for precious metals (PGE and Au) determination after pre-concentration. Applications and considerations for the validation and selection of appropriate methods. Fluid inclusions: characteristics; microthermometric analysis; experimental data, phase diagrams and applications; pressure corrections and trapping conditions, changes after trapping, geothermometry, geobarometry; fluid inclusion modelling for hydrothermal systems and ores.

 
 

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Γ0115. HYDROGEOCHEMISTRY

Lectures (2 hours per week): A. Argyraki, Assist. Professor

Practicals (2 hours per week): A. Argyraki, Assist. Professor

4 credit units

Content: The hydrological cycle. Composition of rainwater. Controls on water quality. Chemical equilibria and the solubility of minerals. The carbonic acid system and carbon isotopes. Ion exchange, sorption and redox processes in natural water. Water pollution. Sampling and chemical analysis of surface and groundwater. Hydrogeochemical modelling with PHREEQC.

 
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Γ0116. MINERAL EXPLORATION AND RESOURCE ASSESSMENT

Lectures (2 hours per week): K. Papavasileiou, Assoc. Professor , S. Kilias, Assoc. Prof.

4 credit units

Content: Understanding of mineral exploration environment- exploration activities, function and data;  introduction of exploration methods, application of metallogenic models to mineral exploration, Conventional and geostatistical methods of ore reserve estimation and mine valuation. Analysis and presentation of capital and operating costs for ventures in the minerals industry.

 
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